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Moles/Warts/Keloids/Skin Tags

What are Moles/Warts/Keloids/Skin Tags?

A mole (nevus) is a pigmented (colored) spot on the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). Moles are one thing that is common to all humans. Every person has moles, maybe 1, maybe 40. Moles are not a cause for concern unless they develop certain signs like: Itching / Increase in size / Change of colour. In fact they are considered to be a beauty spot by many, especially on the face area. Some even consider this to be a sign of good luck and prosperity.

Moles can appear anywhere on the skin. They are of different shapes and sizes. Moles are usually brown to black in colour due to pigment melanin. Sometimes moles can be skin coloured. Moles are pre-determined at birth. They develop usually in the first 20 years of life and over the years due to sun exposure they can increase in numbers and darken in colour. Moles can be round, oval, flat, or raised. They can occur singly or in clusters on any part of the body. Most moles are brown, but colors can range from pinkish flesh tones to yellow, dark blue, or black.

The life cycle of a mole is typically about 50 years. At the start, moles are mostly flat and look like a freckle or they can be black in colour. Over time they enlarge and some may develop hair. As the moles age they can become raised or they may not change at all. In the recent years a lot has been spoken about cancer (Melanoma) and moles. What one must understand is that not all moles are cancerous.  

The risk of Melanoma in Indian skin is much lower compared to other skin types as the skin has pigmentation which shields it to a certain degree from the effects of harmful UV Rays. 

A wart is a hardened, bumpy, or rough piece of skin that grows faster than normal. Warts are caused by infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV). Most warts are harmless, but the virus that causes warts is contagious and can be spread by direct contact with others. Warts may develop anywhere on the body, including the bottom of the feet, palm of the hands, fingers, and genitals. Warts are typically brown or flesh-coloured, although genital warts may also appear pink or red.

skin tag is a small flap of tissue that hangs off the skin by a connecting stalk.Skin tags are not dangerous. They are usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under thebreasts, or in the groin area. Skin tags appear most often in women, especially with weight gain, and in elderly people. Skin tags usually don't cause any pain. However, they can become irritated if anything, such as clothing or jewelry, rubs them.

A keloid, sometimes referred to as a keloid scar, is a tough heaped-up scar that rises quite abruptly above the rest of the skin. It usually has a smooth top and a pink or purple color.Keloids are irregularly shaped and tend to enlarge progressively. Unlike scars, keloids do not regress over time.
Cause of Moles/Warts/Keloids/Skin Tags
Moles occur when cells in the skin grow in a cluster instead of being spread throughout the skin. These cells are called melanocytes, and they make the pigment that gives skin its natural color. Moles may darken after exposure to the sun, during the teen years, and during pregnancy.

Common warts are actually an infection in the top layer of skin, caused by viruses in the human papillomavirus, or HPV, family. When the virus invades this outer layer of skin, usually through a tiny scratch, it causes rapid growth of cells on the outer layer of skin – creating the wart.

Keloids can develop from most types of skin injuries, including:
  1. Surgical cuts.
  2. Acne and chickenpox blemishes or scars.
  3. Burns.
  4. Body or ear piercings.
  5. Vaccination shots.
Skin tags are more common among people with diabetes as well as people who are overweight or obese — conditions that often go together. The friction created by skin rubbing against skin, a side effect of being overweight, is what causes skin tags in certain people, and explains why skin tags often grow in body folds.

Treatment Summary
Moles can be removed by:
  1. Cutting / Excision. With this method, moles are treated with a local anesthetic and the mole is cut out along with a small area of the surrounding skin with a scalpel or surgical scissors.
  2. Shave removal: Some skin moles can be shaved down with a scalpel. The area will be numbed with a local anesthetic beforehand and usually only a small pink mark will be left.
  3. Freezing: Moles that are non-cancerous and haven’t grown to the deeper layers of skin can be frozen off using liquid nitrogen. This may leave a small blister on the skin but is a relatively simple outpatient procedure.
  4. Laser Removal: Smaller, non-cancerous moles that don’t protrude above the surface of the skin may also be removed with a laser treatment. This treatment uses intense bursts of light radiation to break down the mole cells in the skin. This method usually takes two or three treatments to remove the mole completely.
  5. Preventing moles: After a mole-removal treatment, a person can still go out in the sun and live their life normally; however, it is advised to wear proper sun protection (i.e. hats, protective clothing, SPF) to prevent moles from forming in the future and to prevent removed moles from returning.

Aside from surgery, there are other options to reduce the size of a keloid include:

1. Corticosteroid injections, which are sometimes combined with external cryotherapy.
2. Pressure therapy.
3. Radiotherapy, though this treatment is used with caution due to cancer risk posed by radiation.
4. Laser therapy.
5. Silicon-based products, including gels and patches.

The skin tags can be removed in following ways: 

  • Cutting it off.
  • Freezing it with liquid nitrogen.
  • Burning it off with an electri current.

Radio-frequency ablation ensures that the collateral damage to surrounding normal tissue is reduced greatly, if not completely eliminated. This revolutionary technology ensures more precise surgery, lesser healing times and faster recovery for patients. The Surgitron Dual RF redefines our surgical results with two distinct frequencies – 4.0 MHz (Monopolar) and 1.7 MHz (Bipolar) – for outstanding surgical precision and control. Scarless removal of skin growths, warts, moles, seborrheic keratosis, etc. What had to be done by the blade, scissors and knives earlier can now be done with this amazing technology which vaporizes tissue. Hence, recovery is extremely quick and collateral tissue damage minimal. 
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Before & After Moles-Warts-Keloids-Skin Tag Treatment At Skin World Pune


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