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What isDandruff?

Dandruff is the shedding of flaky, white-to-yellow pieces of skin from the scalp. You may notice white dandruff flakes on your shoulders or collar area. Dandruff is the result of a common skin condition called seborrheic dermatitis, which may be seen in people with eczema, psoriasis, fungus infections, or overactive oil glands, among other conditions.

Dandruff is not contagious, but it can be hard to treat. It is more likely to affect men than women. Itchiness due to dandruff often causes irritability and embarrassment. Dandruff does make your scalp itchy and flaky. That white flake which you scratch off from the scalp is nothing but itchy dead skin.

Males are more prone to dandruff concerns compared to females. It can be observed with the onset of adolescence which then continues till adulthood. You may try to get rid of it by maintaining a good hair wash routine, but that is not a sustainable solution. The scalp skin constantly renews itself. That is when the old skin drops off and new one replaces it. This cycle is not visible when it is in the initial phase. But when the process accelerates, many more old skin cells shed in the form of visible clumps or flakes.

The moment you brush your hair or rub through it, you will notice these flakes fallen on the shoulders or against any dark-coloured clothing. In terms of severity, itching and flaking are equally alarming. The common form of dandruff affects the entire scalp, but not the skin over the face or neck. Severe dandruff concern means quick shedding of old skin, which can lead to uncontrollable itchiness. 

Dandruff, if not treated at the right time, can cause hair loss and scalp inflammation. If your skin is suffering from acne or oily skin, the condition can worsen because of the flakes.

Cause of Dandruff
Apart from drying of the scalp skin, there are many other reasons for dandruff. If your scalp skin is sensitive to hair products, it can also lead to dandruff. Also environmental factors such as heat and humidity can aggravate dandruff. The concern can be observed either throughout the year or can vary as per season. Dandruff, if not treated at the right time, can cause hair loss and scalp inflammation. If your skin is suffering from acne or oily skin, the condition can worsen because of the flakes.

The top layer of the skin is constantly being shed and renewed. This usually goes unnoticed when the cells are shed one at a time. Inflammation of the scalp may cause cells to stick together. When large clumps of cells are shed, visible flakes may be seen on the shoulders especially when wearing dark clothing or on the scalp as the hair traps the scaling skin.

Dandruff describes scaling of the skin on the scalp. Dandruff causes white flakes on the scalp. Medicated or anti-dandruff shampoos can help. Seborrhoeic dermatitis produces dandruff as well as scalp itch. Cradle cap in babies is a form of seborrhoeic dermatitis. Psoriasis can also cause inflamed, itchy, scaly plaques on the scalp.
Dandruff Treatment Summary
Treatment Modalities for Dandruff:

Use The Right Shampoo:

Having clean hair is important to make sure that dandruff does not set in. There are vast arrays of great anti-dandruff shampoos that work wonders for that consult your dermatologist. It is best to choose something mild unless your case is severe. Dead cells need to be prevented from accumulating and the best way to do this is to keep your hair and scalp immaculately clean.

Applying hair oil on a scalp, which is already infected with dandruff intensifies the process of hair fall. When hair oil remains on the hair for a long time, is loses it shine and turns dull. So, it is important to avoid applying hair oil on your scalp if you are struggling with dandruff.

Some other treatments for dandruff:


These are the  various treatments done for dandruff.
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Before & After Dandruff Treatment At Skin World Pune


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